Intracellular (ICF) and Extracellular (ECF) Fluids

Introduction Water is an essential constituent of the human body that contributes to its normal functioning. Without the fluids contained in the organism, the body will not be able to perform all the activities in a proper way. Furthermore, with the...

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Bariatric Surgery as a Solution to the Issue of Adolescent Obesity

The issue of obesity has become topical for America, especially among the youth. In fact, the majority of the American adolescents are suffering from the extra weight, their way of life and lack of a proper education about own body lead to it; despit...

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PTSD of Veterans after Combats

In combats, soldiers experience traumatic events that may challenge their mental health, their view of the world and themselves. Depending on the severity of the trauma, veterans are affected in different ways and experience long-lasting effects. Pos...

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U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)

Diseases are a major threat to human survival. In 1998, it was estimated that infectious diseases had accounted for 54 million deaths worldwide (Johnstone, 2008). Further, in the United States alone, the disease-related mortality rates had doubled to...

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The Advantages and Disadvantages of Placebos

The human mind is not explored to a great extent, and some issues remain quite controversial. For example, the placebo effects have been widely discussed in various scientific journals, but the physicians still cannot reach consensus about it. Some o...

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